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Application and Inspection Practice for Exporting Lithium Batteries

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In recent years, lithium batteries have been widely used in both personal consumer goods and industrial production, vehicle manufacturing, and other industries. China is a major producer and exporter of lithium battery products. Lithium batteries are classified as dangerous goods and may cause accidents such as fires and explosions during transportation. Therefore, transportation safety must be taken seriously.
 
1、 Definition and classification
 
1. Lithium ion batteries
 
Definition: Lithium ion batteries are generally batteries that use metal lithium oxide or lithium alloy oxide as the positive electrode material, graphite as the negative electrode material, and non-aqueous electrolytes.
 
Features: Rechargeable battery
 
2. Lithium metal batteries
 
Definition: Lithium metal batteries are generally batteries that use manganese dioxide as the positive electrode material, metallic lithium or its alloys as the negative electrode material, and non-aqueous electrolytes.
 
Features: Disposable battery
 
In TDG's list of dangerous goods, there are 6 UN numbers related to lithium battery products, all of which are classified as Class 9 dangerous goods.
 
2、 Regulatory conditions
 
At present, there are no inspection and supervision conditions for the HS codes of lithium battery related products, and there is no need to implement import and export commodity inspection.
 
3、 Use identification
 
Although lithium batteries do not require import and export commodity inspection, they belong to dangerous goods. According to Article 17 of the Import and Export Commodity Inspection Law of the People's Republic of China and Article 29 of the Implementation Regulations of the Import and Export Commodity Inspection Law of the People's Republic of China, production enterprises exporting lithium battery products (UN number 3090309134803481) should apply to the customs for the use appraisal of dangerous goods packaging containers, Dangerous goods using packaging containers that have not been identified or have been identified as unqualified are not allowed to be exported.
 
4、 Special items
 
For lithium-ion battery electric vehicles (UN number 3171) and containerized lithium-ion battery systems (UN number 3536), although there are no specific packaging requirements in various international hazardous regulations, there is no need to apply for hazardous package use identification. However, when exporting, corresponding safety transportation requirements should be met based on their actual transportation method.
 
5、 International hazardous regulations
 
The relevant international hazardous regulations include the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG), the International Railway Transport Dangerous Goods Code (RID), the Agreement on the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR), the Dangerous Goods Code (IATA-DGR), and the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods Model Regulations, Tests, and Standards Manual.
 
 
 
 
 
The above content is sourced from Maintenance Network