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International logistics: you must know the knowledge of the transshipment port

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"Transit port" is sometimes referred to as "transit place", which means that the goods go from the port of departure to the port of destination, passing through the third port in the itinerary, and the transportation means docking, loading and unloading goods, replenishment and other operations, and the goods are changed into transportation means The port that continues to be shipped to the destination is the transit port. There are not only one-time transfers by shipping companies, but also shippers who change orders for tax exemption reasons.

1. The status of transit ports

Transshipment ports are generally basic ports. Therefore, ships calling at transshipment ports are generally large ships from the main international shipping routes and feeder ships to and from various ports in the region.

2. Port of discharge/place of delivery = port of transit/port of destination?

If it only refers to the sea, the port of discharge really refers to the port of transit, and the place of delivery refers to the port of destination. When booking a space, you generally only need to indicate the place of delivery, and whether or not to transit or which transit port is determined by the shipping company.
In the case of multimodal transport, the port of discharge refers to the port of destination, and the place of delivery refers to the destination. Since different ports of unloading will produce different transshipment freight, the port of unloading must be indicated when booking.
 
3.the magical effect of the transit port
 
(1) Tax exemption
What I want to talk about here is segment transfer. Setting the transit port as a free trade port can achieve the purpose of tariff reduction or exemption. For example, Hong Kong is a free trade port, if goods are transferred to Hong Kong; goods that are not specially regulated by the state can basically achieve the purpose of export tax exemption, and there will even be tax rebate subsidies.
 
(2) hold goods
This is talking about the shipping company transit. In international trade, various factors cause the goods to be unable to move forward and need to hold goods. The shipper can apply to the shipping company for detention before arriving at the transit port. After the trade problem is resolved, shipment to the port of destination. This is often easier to operate than a direct ship. But the cost is not cheap.
 
4. Transit port code
A ship will call at multiple ports, so the ship’s entry code filed at the same terminal, that is, the subsequent transit port code, will have many. If the code is filled in at will, if the code is not matched, the container will not be able to enter the port. If it matches but is not a real transit port, then even if it enters the port and gets on the ship, it will be unloaded at the wrong port. If the modification is correct before the ship is allocated, the box may also be unloaded at the wrong port. Retransshipment costs are very high, and high fines may also be required.
 
5. Regarding transshipment clauses
In the process of international cargo transportation, due to geographical or political and economic reasons, cargo needs to be transshipped at certain ports or other locations. When booking, you need to limit the transit port. But ultimately depends on whether the shipping company accepts transit here.
 
If accepted, the provisions of the transshipment port are clear, usually adding a note after the destination port, usually through "VIA (via, through)" or "W/T (with transshipment at..., in...transshipment)" connection. Examples are the following terms:
 
Transit Port Port of Loading: Shanghai China Shanghai China
 
Port of Destination: London UK W/T Hong Kong
 
In our actual operation, we cannot directly treat the transshipment port as the destination port, so as to avoid transportation errors and unnecessary losses. Because the transit port is only a temporary port for the transfer of goods, not the destination of the final goods.